Gerakan Suci (g’rawk’ awn soo’ chi) is a campuran style (mixed), meaning the curriculum is composed of the influences of several major styles. Guru Rennie studied Mande Muda for many years under Pendekar Herman Suwanda and this forms the foundation of Gerakan Suci. However, Guru Mushtaq Ali brings other influences that are also important. The History page details the résumé’s of the various teachers and their backgrounds.
The Foundation of Gerakan Suci is composed of two Silat styles Cimande and Cikalong. These are two of the most prominent arts of the Sunda peoples of West Java and provide the platform upon which we build our art.
Cikalong (chi ka’ long) is one of the two foundation styles of Gerakan Suci. It is a high stance, long arm style that follows opponents’ energy much like Aikido. Unlike Aikido, however, the stylist attempts to break as many bones as possible on the way down. Much attention is focused on the opponents’ joints and nerves, especially the elbows, knees and shoulders. Developed in 1800 by Mohammed Kosim by combining Cimande & Sabandar. This style was developed in large part as a response to Cimande. There are several sub-styles from which we draw techniques including Kari, Madi and Rikhisan (qv).
Cimande (chi’ mahn day) is a village in southern West Java that produced a devastating style of the same name. It is our second foundation style. It is a low, powerful style that seeks to stop an opponents energy by intercepting his attack with a crushing response. Developed in the rainy highlands of West Java, the footwork and positioning are ideally suited to wet, unstable footing, such as rivers, rice paddies and cluttered back alleys. Heavy emphasis is placed upon the conditioning of the arm and leg bones. This conditioning is similar to the shin training of Muay Thai or Kung-fu iron palm training. Tactically, a Cimande stylist seeks to disable an opponent through blindingly fast bone-crushing blocks, strikes and leg sweeps. Many styles of Pencak Silat have developed as tactical responses to this formidable style.
Although we are still seeking secondary confirmation of these dates, the information we have tells us that the style was developed in 1335. There are three main styles, Girong, Hilir and Tengaa. Gerakan Suci practices the Girong style from the Sunda village of Warungkiara as learned from Ibu Mimi Suwanda and passed to Pak Uyuh and Pak Herman Suwanda. We have also taken fundamental understandings from the Cimande Domas style of Riau, Sumatra under Pendekar Hendra.
To this foundation we add understandings and skills from these arts:
Harimau (ha ree mow) is a Sumatran ground-fighting style based on the movements and tactics of the tiger. Harimau uses twisting leg grapples and lower body strikes to bring an opponent down.
Sabandar (saw bahn’ dar) is a Sumatran style based largely upon the snake. It is characterized by quick trapping movements done with the whole arm, particularly the elbows and a wide, sliding stance.
Rikhisan (ree’ kha sahn) is a very defensive style using locks, grapples, holds and arm traps to disable and subdue an opponent or to escape subdual. Rikhisan means “breaking” in Bahasa Indonesia. Many of the techniques are similar to Aikido and Jujitsu.
Pak Monyet (paw moan’ yet) is a monkey style from Cirebon, West Java. A Pak Monyet stylist is very unpredictable in action, going from laughing to screaming in one beat. It is a leaping, springing style that uses a modified slap as its main offensive and defensive technique.
Pak Macan (paw ma chahn’) is a Javanese tiger style. The version we know is a relatively small with an emphasis upon an attitude of movement and technique rather than a full curriculum of jurus and lankahs. It is characterized by a high, wide stance and rapid-fire tiger-like slapping strikes and blocks.
Nompun (nawm poon) is a relatively new style from around 1930. It’s methods focus on hardening the body under attack through concentrated breathing techniques allowing the practitioner to take more punishment before getting hurt. The jurus are called mengkuatan, ‘to make strong’.
Serak (seraw) Please note that we include Serak as an influence also, but since Guru Rennie is in the process of learning the full Serak curriculum under Antek Guru Michael Roberto, we do not include any of the material in our current teaching until such time as we have permission from Maha Guru Victor deThouars.